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Some Facts about Tree Pruning and Its Benefits The dormant season is a good time for tree pruning in order for you to be able to see the structure, maximize wound closure, reduce disease and avoid any flow of sap that is excessive for the trees. Dormant pruning applies to different plants, such as the flowering shrubs that would require pruning on dormant season, and the trees and shrubs, dogwood and red-bud that blossom when spring comes that would need pruning right after they flower. Some flowering trees need pruning during dormant season since they can be susceptible to fire blight and bacterial disease, and example of these trees are crab apple, pear, varieties of hawthorn, mountain ash, pyracantha and flowering quince. It is during the dormant season that trees that flower during summer or fall have to be pruned. But note that dead branches can be removed of course any time of the day or season. Be informed that the shape or form of fruit trees will not be developed properly without training or pruning. It is a fact that fruit trees, which are properly pruned and trained, have higher quality of fruit and live a longer life span. This goes to say that the goal of pruning and training is to develop a strong framework of the tree in order for it to support a large bunch of fruit. It is good to know that fruit trees that are not trained properly will have branches that are too upright and this could lead to breakage once they carry heavy crops. When you have this case, there is of course a reduced productivity of your trees and their lives could shorten.
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Other benefits when you train trees are eliminating diseases, and the broken or dead limbs.
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When you properly prune your trees, you are opening up their canopies and thus allow maximum penetration of light. There is a good development of buds leading to a high quality of flavour of fruits if there is a maximum penetration of light. By training and pruning the tree, you are therefore correcting its growth and thus minimize its cutting. It is good information also to know that trees react differently to summer pruning and dormant pruning. It is said that the tree’s energy is not changed when you remove a large part of it during dormancy. While in spring, the tree will react by producing many upright branches that will shade the tree and stop good development. Dormant tree pruning therefore is better done in the late season to avoid injury during winter. Make it a practice to prune late blooming trees ahead of the early blooming trees. When it comes to summer pruning, it is advisable to complete it before the end of July so as to avoid problems of winter injury, and take note that it is only for removing upright growth of branches.